Friday, 12 July 2013


A lot of people had told me not to miss Chester, so I decided to check out this old city for two days.
Chester was occupied by the Romans, the 20th legion had a fortress here. It was charged with suppressing the uprising of the army led by the warrior queen, Boadicea. In AD 70 the town was known as Deva, it soon became a major trading port. It had a massive harbour and a good border position, so it was one of the best strategic outposts of the Roman Empire.
Circa AD 400 the Romans withdrew, they left a wall around the city, a Amphitheatre and a bathhouse. Soon after their withdrawal the prosperous city fell to marauding Danes and Saxons and was derelict by 900.
Circa 1070 the Normans reached Chester and a revival began, Chester Castle was built, the first Earl of Chester, a nephew of William the Conqueror lived there. In the Middle Ages Chester become a centre of shipping trade, a port serving Scotland, Ireland, France and Spain.
Henry VIII granted a charter in 1541 and made Chester a bishopric.
The River Dee silt up and changed course in the 15th and 17th century and the seaborne trade died.

No comments:

Post a Comment